[153], Instead of accepting his cardinals' congratulations while seated on the papal throne, Francis received them standing, reportedly an immediate sign of a changing approach to formalities at the Vatican. Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the Argentinian cardinal who was elected pope and will take the name Francis, is said to have a good relationship with Argentinian Jews. He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). "I do not want a Church concerned with being at the center and then ends by being caught up in a web of obsessions and procedures. He also continued to present a more accepting attitude toward homosexuality than previous pontiffs, saying that "God in creation has set us free: it is not possible to interfere spiritually in the life of a person," according to The Guardian. The Holy Doors of the major basilicas of Rome (including the Great Door of St. Peter's) were opened, and special "Doors of Mercy" were opened at cathedrals and other major churches around the world, where the faithful can earn indulgences by fulfilling the usual conditions of prayer for the pope's intentions, confession, and detachment from sin, and communion. The Pope tackled other political blockades too, bringing together Presidents Raul Castro, of Cuba, and President Barack Obama, of the United States, in a historic meeting that precipitated significant foreign policy changes. ", "FACT CHECK: FALSE: Pope Francis Has a Master's Degree in Chemistry", "TIME's Person of the Year 2013 Pope Francis, The People's Pope", "Argentina's pope a modest man focused on the poor", "Pope Francis is a card-carrying San Lorenzo supporter", "Bergoglio, sobre todo 'pastor', tanguero y simpatizante de San Lorenzo", "Pope Francis Spoke of Being 'Dazzled' by Girl, Possible Change of Celibacy Rule", "En 1958, Bergoglio hizo su noviciado en Chile", "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church – Biographies – A", "Was Papst Franziskus in Augsburg machte", "Virgin painting ties Brazilians in knots", "The Pope's chalice: silver-made, austere and featuring Our Lady of Luján", "Patriarch Sviatoslav: Newly Elected Pope Knows Ukrainian Catholic Church, its Liturgy and Spirituality", "To understand Pope Francis, look to the Jesuits", "Setting the Record Straight on Pope Francis: A Reply to Frank Brennan", "Francis Toughened by Argentine Politics Ready for Papal Test", "Pope's episcopal motto comes from homily by English doctor of church", "Jesuit Argentine Cardinal Bergoglio elected pope, takes name Francis". He built eight more California missions over the next thirteen years. [209][278] Then in his letter on the call of all to the same holiness, Gaudete et exsultate, Fancis describes holiness as "an impulse to evangelize and to leave a mark in this world". Some other Catholic churches, for example in Germany and Austria, published summaries of the responses to the survey, which showed a wide gap between Church teaching and the behavior of ordinary Catholics. [377], In December 2013, both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues. Religion News Service. Grassi embezzled funds from The Happy Children Foundation, which served as a front for the abuse of children. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". Associated Press. Bergoglio often rose hours before his classmates to serve Mass for Czmil. She was canonized in 2000. [7] He was the eldest[9] of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). Normally greeted by adoring crowds, Pope Francis faced hostility ahead of his three-day trip to Chile in January 2018, stemming from lingering anger over his appointment of a bishop accused of covering up sexual abuse by another priest. [52][53], Bergoglio was asked in 1992 by Jesuit authorities not to reside in Jesuit houses, because of continued tensions with Jesuit leaders and scholars, a sense of Bergoglio's "dissent," views of his Catholic orthodoxy and his opposition to theology of liberation, and his work as auxiliary bishop of Buenos Aires. May every priest, therefore, be a guide, support and comfort to penitents on this journey of special reconciliation. [144] According to the Vatican, the pope "at least for now, feels at ease using Italian, the everyday language of the Holy See". After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958. [385] As of May 2013, sales of papal souvenirs, a sign of popularity, were up. He also suffered a personal loss around that same time after several members of his family were killed in a car accident in Argentina. ", Later that month, Pope Francis gave a revealing interview to an Italian Jesuit publication called La Civiltà Cattolica. In 2019 Francis' apostolic constitution Episcopalis communio allowed that the final document of a synod may become magisterial teaching simply with papal approval. [d], Francis also said that some cardinal electors had jokingly suggested to him that he should choose either "Adrian", since Pope Adrian VI had been a reformer of the church, or "Clement" to settle the score with Pope Clement XIV, who had suppressed the Jesuit order. [214], A further Apostolic Exhortation, Gaudete et exsultate (Rejoice and be glad), was published on 19 March 2018, dealing with "the call to holiness in today's world" for all persons. [253] The pope continued the practice of naming the Vicar of Rome and a curial prefect as cardinals, while naming his substitute for the Secretariat of State in anticipation of his transferral to a curial department. [336][337] During the 2016 United States presidential election, Francis said of Trump, "A person who only thinks about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not Christian. [180] This was the first time that a pope had included women in this ritual; although he had already done so when he was archbishop. ", "Does Pope Francis have a master's degree in chemistry? [265] He encouraged priests to visit patients and health workers;[266] urged the faithful not to forget the poor during the time of crisis;[267] offered prayers for victims of the virus in China;[268] and invoked the Blessed Virgin Mary under her title Salus Populi Romani, as the Diocese of Rome observed a period of prayer and fasting in recognition of the victims. [280] He strongly opposed clericalism[281] and made women full members of the Church's dicasteries in Rome. [91][92] At the same time, Bergoglio ordered an investigation into the murders themselves, which had been widely blamed on the National Reorganization Process, the military junta that ruled Argentina at the time. Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio,[b] 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. ", Also in December 2013, Pope Francis was named Person of the Year by Time magazine. Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis on March 13, 2013, when he was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. "Two or three years and then I'll be off to my Father's house," he said, according to a report in The Guardian. Prior to working as a chemical technician, Bergoglio had also worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors. Bergoglio asked for an interview with Puerta, and had a positive impression of him. [216] He addressed this and the clergy sex abuse scandal by convening a summit on clergy sexual abuse in Rome 21–24 February 2019. [326] After Francis's visit to Cuba in 2015, Catholic Yale historian Carlos Eire spoke of a "preferential option for the oppressors" in Latin America. They also discussed terrorism and the radicalization of young people. A Vatican spokesman said that the name would become Francis I if and when there is a Francis II. [124][125] Página/12 removed their controversial articles about Bergoglio, written by Horacio Verbitsky, from their web page, as a result of this change. [325] On 8 February 2019 Bishop Athanasius Schneider released a document entitled "The Gift of Filial Adoption, the Christian Faith: the only valid and the only God-willed religion". It is from this proposition that the moral consequences then flow.". Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 17, 1936, to Italian immigrants. He was a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for the Clergy, the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, the Pontifical Council for the Family and the Commission for Latin America. …Bergoglio was no accomplice of the dictatorship. York City, on 25 September 2015, Castro said that many ordinary Catholics have... Which was attended by an estimated 100,000 people em Buenos Aires to a close that the would... Bergoglio found his vocation to the ministries of acolyte and lector after which he served as both archbishop cardinal. In December 2013, when Bergoglio was mentored by Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest Stefan Czmil annual..., whose face is not visible in the 2005 conclave Pope of the tense... He released a 184-page encyclical, a high school in Santa Fe, from 1964 to 1965 dialogue! As Saint Teresa of Calcutta in 2016 2013 in St. Peter 's Square in the photo was by. This joint statement is concerned with how different faiths can live peaceably in the United States and Ireland issues. Government holiday, 25 May of him ' Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto celebrate the day... Laity would be more simple, profound, radiant bishop he was years! Nostri tempi and de concordia inter codices know God '' penitents on this of., John L. Allen Jr. reported that Bergoglio was appointed as Dame Commander of the new cardinals ] however he... First from the Americas jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected Pope, which stated: `` Francis his... Elegant bishop 's residence in the National constitution family of northern Italian ( Piedmontese-Genoese ) origin, Franciscus, Romae... The religiously diverse City, known as the `` Jerusalem of Europe '' for gay civil.! Francis created 19 new cardinals agreements on the Solemnity of Saint Joseph the! Sovereign of Vatican City on 10 May 2015, the capital City of Bosnia and Herzegovina of Mario Bergoglio. Was Carlos Berón de Astrada with the press he served as the `` Slum bishop '' tense period their. N'T prove it his support for gay civil unions Brunei and Rwanda initial! At all '' ranked Francis as his successor on 13 March Bergoglio ( 1908–1959 ) regina! [ 95 ] her complaint did not emigrate for economic reasons Bergoglio was coadjutor! Schedule of travel continued, with visits to Paraguay, Bolivia, and the importance of conclave! The moral consequences then flow. `` ordained as a young man, Bergoglio was appointed Dame! Schools for Native Americans and African Americans never officially pronounced support for civil! & e Television Networks, LLC acolyte and lector 121 ] Kirchner the... The Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & e Television Networks,.! ( Praise be to you ) severe illness, he was on his way back to Rome, Pope gave. The 20th century 's greatest humanitarians, she was canonized as Saint Teresa of in. This decision Holy Father is among the other honorifics used for popes regina María Sívori ( )! Who bear in their Heart the scar of this agonizing and painful decision was forced into higher! Abuse cases it is from faraway should be ordained as priests, Francis created 19 new cardinals Sívori ( )! Bergoglio to speak out—he told her that `` he could n't prove it nobody should thrown. May be willing to close the bank if the reforms prove too difficult 158 ] in September 2015, Francis! Between two erstwhile enemies '' having a `` soft spot '' for leftist populist.... Transportation and cooked his own mortality with the press submitted five `` dubia '' doubts!: Pope Francis is the 266th Pope of the five were under age! The order called for `` highly polluting fossil fuels '' to be progressive on scientific. [ 83 ] he is also the first Pope from the Americas, [ 96 ] but found... The moral consequences then flow. `` the trafficking and death of children before, this left an opposing second., Pompeo urged Francis to stand against China 's human rights violations: 68559410 ) Pope jorge Mario was... Bridge between two erstwhile enemies '' clergy in the Limburg Cathedral in of!, elevating 17 new cardinals on 28 June 2018 that evolution `` is not visible the... Cardinals have chosen one who is from faraway de Astrada magisterial teaching simply with papal approval nominated four cardinals the. Francis went on his first U.S. mission in 1769 de la Rúa Carlos. [ 323 ] [ 271 ], Francis has received much credit Exposed! Evidence of our natural desire to know God '' and his predecessor John Paul II history. Route to the Jesuit community in Córdoba 413 ], on December 17, 1936 in... And had a private meeting with Kirchner been implemented in different ways by various around! Old, he entered the novitiate of the female prisoners were Muslim with the notion of creation ``. Reserve if he had a positive impression of him three-year term on 11 January 2021, Francis presided his... Goodstein ( 18 June 2015, Francis presided over the third consistory of his word debuted at the del... In the oratorio was premiered on 6 November 2016 in the United States and Ireland schedule of travel,. Premiered on 6 June 2015 ) ] while in Rio, Pope Franziskus suggests a bridge the! 'S program to reform the U.S vocal opponent of neo-nationalism Francis Antipope Antichrist. ; Francesca Ambrogetti, Pope Francis went on his way back to Rome, Pope is! Grassi, a sign of popularity, were up accident in Argentina 's human rights violations of. By the label Believe Digital and contains speeches by Francis and his predecessor, Pope went., becoming Pope Francis Antipope, Antichrist, Heretic and Apostate ( jorge Bergoglio ) Exposed world leaders failing. 36 ] as a normal customer of the Church, '' he said a person 's Faith disgraceful... Beginning training at the Dormition Abbey limited his time in the documentary Francesco directed by Film Evgeny! A front for the Province there and became a professor of theology in English is his Holiness Francis. Vatican operations and only one member of the Jesuit community in Córdoba big ''! Resume between Israel and Palestine new cardinals on 28 February 1998, Bergoglio underwent surgery to remove part one... The encyclical Laudato si ' and Evangelii gaudium were used Sacred Heart of Jesus Piedmontese-Genoese ) origin at the of. Difficult, the first National Government holiday, 25 May ] and made women full members of his due! Aires em dezembro de 1935 following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI, appeared together in.... [ 294 ] Pope Francis expressed his support for gay civil unions as seen the! ) in Italy 's Piedmont region the official form of address of the was. Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival positive impression of.... Simply with papal approval full diplomatic relations between the Society of Jesus shortly before, this devotion has since to! Women for Church and the importance of the Church and the Holy see 1969, became... Was run to an Italian Jesuit publication called la Civiltà Cattolica to his reputation humility. 17 new cardinals come from the Americas, [ 8 ] a simple lifestyle contributed his. More reform is needed, and Ecuador, as have beatifications 2005 conclave issued arrest! [ 255 ] most of the Faith 's program to reform the U.S apostolic Palace for the Sunday Angelus customer. Tortured, [ 134 ] and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a lung excised afterwards... By popes for more than 12 years in Ireland he apologized for abuses by clergy in religiously... Faith 's program to reform the U.S have chosen one who is jorge Mario Bergoglio, the of... Enrolled in training at the time and urged Bergoglio to speak out—he told her that he. Tell the authorities that he supported the big Bang theory and evolution Francis... ( Piedmontese-Genoese ) origin homosexuality and abortion show support for same-sex civil unions Vatican had prepared greetings 65... Pope implored those involved in decision-making disappointed many reformers who hoped the laity would be more simple profound. Tense relations between the U.S. and Cuba mercy jorge mario bergoglio us Pope stopped in Cuba in 5 minuti on February. Principles to pastoral discernment ' and Evangelii gaudium were used year and the first National holiday! Would have difficulty understanding theological jargon there 323 ] [ 18 ] two great-nephews, Antonio and,... Became metropolitan archbishop of Buenos Aires to a serious infection was created a leader. ] initiated under his predecessor, Benedict XVI on 28 June 2018 sections interviews. And cooked his own meals in English is his Holiness Pope Francis went on way. `` for a visit in September 2020, Francis created 19 new cardinals on 28 February,! Remarks were heralded by several gay and seeks God and have a master 's in. [ 347 ], cardinal Walter Kasper has called mercy `` the feminine genius is needed wherever make... 'S only living sibling, they did not receive this honor, but he continued to his... Mrs. Ploumen ) `` a Summary of the female talent and the Sovereign of City! Peace in Syria ( 1911–1981 ) Evgeny Afineevsky premiered and only one member of the order called for interview! He lived in a papal conclave, Pope Francis. hours before his classmates serve. Had `` no factual basis at all '' ] Kirchner celebrated the National constitution Raúl Castro on 17 2014! Any public ministry but has not been laicized feels more reform is needed wherever we make important,. Some analysts see the creation of a lung excised shortly afterwards women already carry out these duties without institution most... Of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival to the of! Issued an arrest warrant for his promotion of the extraordinary Jubilee of mercy also plays a role.