, Instead of accepting his cardinals' congratulations while seated on the papal throne, Francis received them standing, reportedly an immediate sign of a changing approach to formalities at the Vatican. Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the Argentinian cardinal who was elected pope and will take the name Francis, is said to have a good relationship with Argentinian Jews. He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). "I do not want a Church concerned with being at the center and then ends by being caught up in a web of obsessions and procedures. He also continued to present a more accepting attitude toward homosexuality than previous pontiffs, saying that "God in creation has set us free: it is not possible to interfere spiritually in the life of a person," according to The Guardian. The Holy Doors of the major basilicas of Rome (including the Great Door of St. Peter's) were opened, and special "Doors of Mercy" were opened at cathedrals and other major churches around the world, where the faithful can earn indulgences by fulfilling the usual conditions of prayer for the pope's intentions, confession, and detachment from sin, and communion. The Pope tackled other political blockades too, bringing together Presidents Raul Castro, of Cuba, and President Barack Obama, of the United States, in a historic meeting that precipitated significant foreign policy changes. ", "FACT CHECK: FALSE: Pope Francis Has a Master's Degree in Chemistry", "TIME's Person of the Year 2013 Pope Francis, The People's Pope", "Argentina's pope a modest man focused on the poor", "Pope Francis is a card-carrying San Lorenzo supporter", "Bergoglio, sobre todo 'pastor', tanguero y simpatizante de San Lorenzo", "Pope Francis Spoke of Being 'Dazzled' by Girl, Possible Change of Celibacy Rule", "En 1958, Bergoglio hizo su noviciado en Chile", "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church – Biographies – A", "Was Papst Franziskus in Augsburg machte", "Virgin painting ties Brazilians in knots", "The Pope's chalice: silver-made, austere and featuring Our Lady of Luján", "Patriarch Sviatoslav: Newly Elected Pope Knows Ukrainian Catholic Church, its Liturgy and Spirituality", "To understand Pope Francis, look to the Jesuits", "Setting the Record Straight on Pope Francis: A Reply to Frank Brennan", "Francis Toughened by Argentine Politics Ready for Papal Test", "Pope's episcopal motto comes from homily by English doctor of church", "Jesuit Argentine Cardinal Bergoglio elected pope, takes name Francis". He built eight more California missions over the next thirteen years.  Then in his letter on the call of all to the same holiness, Gaudete et exsultate, Fancis describes holiness as "an impulse to evangelize and to leave a mark in this world". Some other Catholic churches, for example in Germany and Austria, published summaries of the responses to the survey, which showed a wide gap between Church teaching and the behavior of ordinary Catholics. , In December 2013, both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues. Religion News Service. Grassi embezzled funds from The Happy Children Foundation, which served as a front for the abuse of children. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". Associated Press. Bergoglio often rose hours before his classmates to serve Mass for Czmil. She was canonized in 2000.  He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). Normally greeted by adoring crowds, Pope Francis faced hostility ahead of his three-day trip to Chile in January 2018, stemming from lingering anger over his appointment of a bishop accused of covering up sexual abuse by another priest. , Bergoglio was asked in 1992 by Jesuit authorities not to reside in Jesuit houses, because of continued tensions with Jesuit leaders and scholars, a sense of Bergoglio's "dissent," views of his Catholic orthodoxy and his opposition to theology of liberation, and his work as auxiliary bishop of Buenos Aires. May every priest, therefore, be a guide, support and comfort to penitents on this journey of special reconciliation.  According to the Vatican, the pope "at least for now, feels at ease using Italian, the everyday language of the Holy See". After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958.  As of May 2013, sales of papal souvenirs, a sign of popularity, were up. He also suffered a personal loss around that same time after several members of his family were killed in a car accident in Argentina. ", Later that month, Pope Francis gave a revealing interview to an Italian Jesuit publication called La Civiltà Cattolica. In 2019 Francis' apostolic constitution Episcopalis communio allowed that the final document of a synod may become magisterial teaching simply with papal approval. [d], Francis also said that some cardinal electors had jokingly suggested to him that he should choose either "Adrian", since Pope Adrian VI had been a reformer of the church, or "Clement" to settle the score with Pope Clement XIV, who had suppressed the Jesuit order. , A further Apostolic Exhortation, Gaudete et exsultate (Rejoice and be glad), was published on 19 March 2018, dealing with "the call to holiness in today's world" for all persons.  The pope continued the practice of naming the Vicar of Rome and a curial prefect as cardinals, while naming his substitute for the Secretariat of State in anticipation of his transferral to a curial department.  During the 2016 United States presidential election, Francis said of Trump, "A person who only thinks about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not Christian.  This was the first time that a pope had included women in this ritual; although he had already done so when he was archbishop. ", "Does Pope Francis have a master's degree in chemistry?  He encouraged priests to visit patients and health workers; urged the faithful not to forget the poor during the time of crisis; offered prayers for victims of the virus in China; and invoked the Blessed Virgin Mary under her title Salus Populi Romani, as the Diocese of Rome observed a period of prayer and fasting in recognition of the victims.  He strongly opposed clericalism and made women full members of the Church's dicasteries in Rome.  At the same time, Bergoglio ordered an investigation into the murders themselves, which had been widely blamed on the National Reorganization Process, the military junta that ruled Argentina at the time. Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio,[b] 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. ", Also in December 2013, Pope Francis was named Person of the Year by Time magazine. Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis on March 13, 2013, when he was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. "Two or three years and then I'll be off to my Father's house," he said, according to a report in The Guardian. Prior to working as a chemical technician, Bergoglio had also worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors. Bergoglio asked for an interview with Puerta, and had a positive impression of him.  He addressed this and the clergy sex abuse scandal by convening a summit on clergy sexual abuse in Rome 21–24 February 2019.  After Francis's visit to Cuba in 2015, Catholic Yale historian Carlos Eire spoke of a "preferential option for the oppressors" in Latin America. They also discussed terrorism and the radicalization of young people. A Vatican spokesman said that the name would become Francis I if and when there is a Francis II.  Página/12 removed their controversial articles about Bergoglio, written by Horacio Verbitsky, from their web page, as a result of this change.  On 8 February 2019 Bishop Athanasius Schneider released a document entitled "The Gift of Filial Adoption, the Christian Faith: the only valid and the only God-willed religion". It is from this proposition that the moral consequences then flow.". Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 17, 1936, to Italian immigrants. He was a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for the Clergy, the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, the Pontifical Council for the Family and the Commission for Latin America. …Bergoglio was no accomplice of the dictatorship. York City, on 25 September 2015, Castro said that many ordinary Catholics have... Which was attended by an estimated 100,000 people em Buenos Aires to a close that the would... 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